Title IX

Title IX

55 Universities Under Title IX Investigation

After pressure from lawmakers, sexual assault survivors, and activists, the U.S. Department of Education is investigating 55 colleges and universities under Title IX.

investigation

These colleges and universities are under investigation for allegedly mishandling sexual assault and harassment on campus, which violates Title IX, the gender equity law.

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Title IX Empowered U.S. Swimmer Dana Vollmer to Grab Olympic Gold

Before 1972, female athletes practically didn’t exist beyond high school. Not only were women unable to participate in college sports because of their gender, there simply weren’t teams and programs in place for them to sign up for. But that all changed with Title IX.

The Title IX legislation was a portion of the Education Amendments of 1972, which stated in part that: “No Person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.”

The initial Title IX draft prepared in 1970, mentioned little of women’s athletics and its focus was instead on the hiring and employment practices of federally financed institutions. After two years of legislation, Title IX became law on July 23, 1972. However, it wasn’t until later – even 1988 – that it was ever fully carried out as the law had to be restored after essentially being ignored by college institutions for years. Read the rest of this entry »



Cheerleading Doesn’t Count as Sport for Gender Equality

cheer-dosent-meet-title-9A federal judge ruled that competitive cheerleading is not an official sport that colleges can use to meet title IX gender-equity requirements, reports the Associated Press. Volleyball players and their coach filed the lawsuit against Quinnipiac University when the school announced that it would be cutting the team for budget reasons. They wanted to replace the volleyball team with a competitive cheer squad.

“Competitive cheer may, some time in the future, qualify as a sport under Title IX,” Judge Stefan Underhill wrote. “Today, however, the activity is still too underdeveloped and disorganized to be treated as offering genuine varsity athletic participation opportunities for students.” Eight schools, including Quinnipiac, recently formed a governing body in hopes that cheer can qualify for title IX, but it is as of yet still too disorganized.

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Title IX Helps Keep Schools Equal

Image via: ACLU.org

Image via: ACLU.org

Title IX is often referred to when speaking about high school or college athletics. It’s part of the Education Amendments of 1972 and ironically, when it was originally written there was no mention of sports in the statute.

Title IX was renamed the Patsy T. Mink Equal Opportunity in Education Act in 2002 to honor the principal author of the act, Congresswoman Patsy Mink.

The official language of Title IX says “No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.”

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Cheerleading Not a Sport, According to Varsity Spirit Expert

According to Jeff Webb, CEO of the cheerleading organization Varsity Spirit, cheerleading should not be considered a competitive sport.cheerleader

His testimony comes in the middle of a case where students from Quinnipiac University sued the school when they eliminated the volleyball team in favor of a competitive cheer squad.

The “is cheerleading a sport?” debate has been going on for some time. In January of 2009, the Wisconsin Supreme Court ruled that, not only was cheerleading a sport, it was a contact sport.

OK, so what’s my stance on this? It really comes down to defining what a “sport” is. There are lots of different things that go into that definition in my mind, including the need for some sort of high-level athletic activity in the sport, formal rules and regulations, and some form of formal competition ending with some kind of result, i.e. winning and losing. Read the rest of this entry »





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